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What is Autism

What is Autism

Autism, or Autism Spectrum Disorder, is a known brain development condition that manifests itself as difficulty in communicating or socializing with others and can affect an individual and their family throughout their life. It can be characterized through many facets, some of which may include:
  • Lack of desire to interact with other people
  • Display of erratic behavior that can seem hostile towards others
  • Most commonly avoidance of eye contact when spoken to
  • Display repetitive patterns of behavior
Autism may have different severity levels of impact or strength, ranging from mild to severe Autism, and may impact the suffering person in many different ways, hence the terminology “Spectrum”.

Indeed, the impact of Autism may range from a mild and controllable form that can be dealt with using minimal developmental training to cases of Autism that may at some point lead the sufferer to health complications such as depression, self-isolation, or heart problems and may voluntarily lead to more severe consequences such as suicide. Therefore, with the early identification of any indicative Autism, it is highly recommended to seek medical help to tackle this condition.

The cause of Autism remains to be unclear as to what exactly may cause it. However, common medical practice and researches suggest that genetics and the environment tend to play a part in its cause. It is worthy to note that males are four times more likely to be autistic than females.

No two Autism cases are the same. Generally, however, sufferers have issues with social interaction and communication and display certain repetitive patterns of behavior.


The term "autism" was first used in 1911 by psychiatrists. This phrase derives the word from the Greek phrase "otos", a verbal general... The first to identify autism as a quantitative behavioral symptoms was a pediatric psychiatrist named "Leo Kanner" (Leo Kanner).

Types of Autism

Over time, psychiatrists have developed a systematic way of describing autism and related conditions. All of these conditions are placed within a group of conditions called Autism Spectrum Disorders. Depending on how severe symptoms are, they are classified under levels 1, 2, or 3.

Did you know?

  • Autism affects
    1 in 59
  • 40%
    of children with autism do not speak
  • Boys are four times more likely to have autism than girls

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There is no clear medical test for diagnosing the disorder, and neither a blood test nor a brain scan can be conclusive evidence for a diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder. Although researchers are actively trying intensively to develop such tests and diagnostic scales. Currently, clinicians/clinical specialists in diagnosing autism spectrum disorder rely on observing a child's behavior to determine the presence of the main symptoms of autism: communication difficulties, lack of social interaction and repetitive and restrictive behaviors.